When it comes to determine the largest producers of bio-medical waste, healthcare institutions top the chart. But this is one domain that needs precise handling and management right from start till end. This waste needs to be correctly collected, segregated and treated.
Here Health care waste is referred to as the total waste stream from a health care system.Bio-medical waste (BMW) simply means any kind of waste generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunisation of human beings or animals or in research practices relating thereto or in the production or testing of biological.
As there are large numbers of healthcare facilities exist all around the region, there is a strong demand for a full-fledged system in regard to the storage and disposal of medical waste. Among all categories of medical waste, Sharps waste is the most hazardous one. NIOSH recommends that 42 per cent of all needle stick injuries are related with hypodermic needles and butterflies. Other causes of injuries are associated with workplace activities such as recapping, transferring bodily fluids between containers, and waning to properly dispose of used needles in a puncture-resistant sharps container. In addition, the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) suggests engineering controls and workplace practices to reduce healthcare worker exposure to syringes and needles that may eventually cause harm.
In various cases, the materials management department purchases, inventories, and delivers single use disposable sharps container to the floors, along with the emergency department and the operating room. When the container is completely full, housekeeping environmental services experts comes into play and replaces full containers with empty ones. Most often, when a container is filled, the nursing or clinical staff must exchange sharps containers.